kuna indians fishing panama coiba island san blas islands

Kuna Indians

About | Country, Culture and Fishing Panama

broomtail-grouper-cebaco-bay-tuna-coast-panama-fishingSportsmen worldwide know that Panama has some of the best sport fishing in the Americas. Fishing in Panama offers unlimited possibilities for all kinds of fishermen. According to Saltwater Sportsman Magazine, fishing Panama is one of the best ways to catch the Black Marlin among many other big game species.

Panama, a Central American country with coastlines on both the Caribbean and the North Pacific Ocean, is located on an isthmus that forms a land bridge between North and South America. Panama, as of year 2000 has full control of the Panama Canal. The Canal connects the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans by way of the Caribbean, forming one of the most important shipping lanes in the world.

Panama lies between Colombia to the southeast and Costa Rica and the rest of North America to the northwest, The Gulf of Chiriqui and the Gulf of Montijo are favorite spots for fishing big game in Panama. Both offshore and inshore fishing trips are available from Boca Chica to Puerto Mutis. On the Pacific side, near the border with Colombia, Pinas Bay and the Zane Gray reef, known to sport fishermen worldwide as another great spot for fishing in Panama. The waters of Panama have large populations of many different sought-after types of fish. Panama offers sport fishermen the opportunity to catch not just the Black Marlin but also other highly prized game fish such as the Blue Marlin, Yellowfin Tuna and many more all year round.

Panama is slightly smaller than the US state of South Carolina. It’s the southernmost of the Central American Nations and features a chain of mountains in the west, inland hills and a lower range on the west coast. The fertile Caribbean area contains extensive forests. Along with fishing in Panama, the country’s most popular activities include surfing, diving, whale watching and eco tourism.
After many years of political instability and military dictatorships, Panama is now a constitutional democracy.
Christopher Columbus explored Panama on his fourth voyage in 1502. Balboa followed in 1513, followed by other explorers eager to exploit Panama’s rich resources and strategic location which made Panama a key location for ocean commerce between South America and Central America dating from the colonial period. When Central America rebelled against Spain in 1821, Panama sided with Colombia, which had already declared its independence from Spanish rule. But for the next 82 years, Panama remained under Colombian influence. In that tumultuous time, Panama went through 40 different administrations, 50 riots, 5 attempted secessions and 13 interventions by the US, which saw the importance of Panama’s strategic location between North and South America.

Finally, in 1903, after Colombia rejected another US proposal for securing rights to build a canal over the narrow isthmus linking North and South America, Panama declared it’s independence with US support. That led to an agreement granting the US canal rights in perpetuity in exchange for $10 million and an annual fee originally set at $250,000. In the years that followed, that fee has increased, rising to $430,000 by 1933, and $1,930,000 in 1955.

In exchange, the US gained the 10-mile strop called the Canal Zone and the power to wield significant influence in Panama’s local and international affairs. But that changed in 1977, when US resident Jimmy Carter and Panama’s strongman, Gen. Omar Torrijos Herrera signed agreements that guaranteed the canal’s neutrality, with a gradual phasing out of the US military presence there. In 1999, US control of the canal was formally ceded in full to Panama, which in 2006 approved a plan to expand the canal. This expansion would double its capacity, with completion planned for 2015.

But the country continues to face threats from neighboring Colombia whose rebels and paramilitary forces have raised security concerns with their period incursions into Panamanian territory. Because of it s proximity to Colombia, Panama has also faced increased drug trafficking and the smuggling of arms.

In Panama’s democratic presidential election of 2004 Martin Torrijos Herrera, the son of the former dictator Omar Torrijos Herrera, won 47.5 percent of the vote and took office in September of that year. Herrera was succeeded as Panama’s president by millionaire businessman Ricardo Martinell on May 3, 2009 – a move that rejected Latin America’s trend toward left leaning governments. Drawing on his personal fortune and record of success, Martinelli pledged to encourage foreign investments in Panama and help the poor.

Martinelli’s vice president Juan Carlos Varela was elected president in my 2014. A member of Panama’soldest political party the Panamanista Party, Varela defeated Jose Domino Arias, the candidate from Martinelli’s own party, Cambio Democratico. Because fishing in Panama has become the country’s second largest tourist attraction after the Panama Canal itself, President Varela has made renewed efforts to protect the country’s fisheries.

Panama boasts a typical maritime climate: hot and humid with a lengthy rainy season that runs from May to January, with a short dry season from January to May. Thanks to this tropical climate, fishing Panama is a year round activity.
El Rio Negro Sport Fishing Lodge is located in Playa Reina, a small, picturesque beach village in the distinct of Mariato in the Province of Veraguas, about a five-hour drive from Tocumen International Airport. Like other districts in Panama, Mariato consists of subdivisions called corregimientos. In Mariato there are five: Tebario, Llano de Catival, Quebro, Arenas and Cacao.

Totaling 1,408.9 square kilometers, Mariato District makes up the west-facing coast of the Azuerea peninsula, which fronts on the Gulf of Montijo. It shares that peninsula with two other provinces, Los Santos and Herrera, which are separated by the Macizo de Azuero, a line of low mountains whose highest peak is Cerro Hoya, rising 1,559 miles high to the south.

At the southern tip of Mariato District, Punta Mariato claims the title of the southernmost point of North America. Mariato’s province, Veraguas, was explored by Christopher Columbus on his fourth voyage. The explorer attempted to establish a colony there but it failed due to attacks from native dwellers. Later, Diego de Nicuesa also tried and failed to establish a colony there. That failure led him to create a new colony called Nombre de Dios to fight off attacks by natives. That colony’s capital Santiago de Veraguas (believed to be from the indigenous word “Veracua” or, “Viragua”) was founded around 1636.

The only Panamanian province to have a coastline on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, Veraguas offers visitors the opportunity for close contact with nature. The Province’s national parks host over 200 varieties of orchids and more than 400 species of birds, along with numerous other mammals, reptiles and insects.

Coiba National Park boasts the largest coral reef on the Pacific coast. Cerro Hoya National Park covers the southwest part of the Azuero peninsula and the surrounding sea, while Santa Fe National Park covers forest land in the north. Forest reserves in Veraguas include El Montuoso and La Yeguada, which contains a large artificial lake dedicated to the production of electricity.

Playa Catalina, Malena and the Province’s many other beaches offer recreational opportunities for all, including sailing, fishing and even whale watching. Veraguas offers other tourist attractions too, including the historic Iglesia de San Francisco de la Montana. This baroque church was built around 1727 and on January 27, 1937 became a National Historical Monument.

Most of the people in Veraguas Province live on the Pacific side. The Caribbean coast is largely uninhabited. The province is home to many different groups, but the majority of its inhabitants are of Spanish Indian descent, called campesinos. Fishing Panama attracts sportsmen from around the world, and Veraguas offers opportunities for recreation of all kinds.

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